Facts Brouchure

Don’t be scared by CARPING Anti Drilling Groups….GET THE FACTS here!

STEUBEN COUNTY LAND OWNERS COALITION FACT SHEET

The purpose of this flyer is to dispel some of the false information, or impressions, that are coming out of the anti-drilling groups and the TV and print media.

We have included sources for many of the following statements. [1] [2].

Natural gas is “greener” than all other fossil fuels. Burning more natural gas and less coal and oil, means cleaner air on a national scale. Less dependence on Middle East oil in particular means less financing of worldwide terror.

Pennsylvania has seen the employment rate and Marcellus related employment reach 218,200 as of 2010 year end. New hires from 2009 Q4, to 2011 Q1 was 72,000. Contrary to the anti’s claims, the PA. Dept. of Labor places the local hire rate at 71%. See sources #1.

Under Title V of the New York State Tax Code the production of each gas well will be taxed at a rate determined by the state. This will be an ad valorem tax. All revenue raised remains local-county, school district, and town. As of January 2012, the best available estimate of annual, local tax revenue from one well in Steuben County would be $395,035.30. See sources #2.

Road damage is a valid concern -at least at first glance. The truck traffic will damage secondary roads. However, the drilling companies are required to repair all damages – period! In most cases they will leave the roads in better condition than before they arrived. See sources #3.

Hydraulic Fracturing has never been verified by any of the state DEP’s as a cause of water pollution -never! Not once! Period! In view of what you hear or read in the media, that might seem to be a ridiculous statement. Please see attached sources. See sources #4.

The fluids from hydraulic fracturing are 99.5% water and sand. The remaining half of one percent is made up of surfactants and chemicals to prevent mold and mildew in the pipe casings. They must be listed specifically for regulatory agencies at each well site. By any definition, these are extremely low concentrations.

The amount of water used is not a threat to any water table or river flow. Even before the recycling that is becoming more and more prevalent now, hydraulic fracturing was using 10% of what our golf courses were using for watering. All of this part of the process is strongly controlled by the states and the river basin commissions.

Waste water is collected and disposed of under state supervision. More and more of this water is being recycled.

Hydraulic Fracturing is not a new process. In one form or another, it has been in use for forty years. Horizontal drilling does involve more water than vertical. In involves drilling a much longer drill hole -so it needs more water.

Radiation is really not even a valid concern -but it refuses to die as an issue. There is radiation coming out of the ground in the drillings. However, the level of concentration is totally insignificant. See Sources #5.

Air emission levels, like radiation, do not constitute a health threat. See sources #6.

The DEC will only issue permits for the number of wells that it can properly monitor. That number will increase only as various sources of revenue provide additional funding to the DEC Division of Minerals.

The charge that drilling will cause widespread environmental damage is historically and scientifically without merit. Drilling has, just like any “industrial” activity, caused almost exclusively surface contamination incidents. These are all controlled, one way or another, by state regulations. New York had the strongest regulations on gas drilling in the country even before the new regulations are released.

As the final proof of the basic safety of gas drilling let’s look at other states. As of 2012 there are thirteen states using horizontal hydraulic fracturing outside the Marcellus Shale. They are: Alabama, Alaska, Colorado, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming. Add to this group our three neighboring states that are drilling in the Marcellus Shale -Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Ohio.

If you believe that hydraulic fracturing causes such widespread” devastation” as the anti’s and the media say or imply, how do you explain the fact that not one of these states has stopped the process?

Renewable energy sources are not a realistic option for our dependence on fossil fuels for a long, long time. We currently get 1.9% of our energy from renewable sources (not counting hydroelectric, which has practically no chance of increasing). Natural gas could provide an environmentally friendly bridge until the market and research come up with a practical renewable energy source.

SOURCES

(1) See PA. Dept. of Labor and Industry fact sheet released 9/2/2011.

(2) See www.iogany.com. Click on welcome. Scroll down to “See how a Marcellus well could benefit your county.” Bear in mind that these estimates make no allowance for the potential of the Utica Shale.

(3) Drilling companies in Bradford County, Pa. invested over 340 million dollars in road repairs in 2010. This represents not one penny in cost to local taxpayers.

(4) New York state geologist Taury Smith: “The worst spin on the worst incidents are treated as if it’s going to be the norm here”. “Those are exaggerated problems; each incident wasn’t the result of hydro fracturing.”

University of Pitt professor Dr. Radisav Vikic: “There hasn’t been any proven case that shows that the hydraulic fracturing itself causes contamination to ground water”. ‘

Scott Perry, PA. DEP Bureau of Oil and Gas Management: “We’ve never seen an impact to fresh ground water from fracking.” “No one’s ever documented drinking water wells that have actually been shown to be impacted by fracking.”

Don Siegel, Syracuse University Earth Sciences Professor: “This is the first environmental issue that I have thrown my hat into the ring on… “.”As a hydro geologist, I really am almost offended by some of the opposition that’s trying to paint a picture of what ground water resources are like that is completely wrong”.

In a December 2009 Senate hearing, EPA Compliance administrator, Cynthia Giles and EPA Director of Water, Matthew Larsen stated that EPA is not aware of any cases of water contamination resulting from Hydraulic fracturing.

In reference to the recent EPA in Pavillion, WY. The overwhelming evidence indicates that this was a flawed study. On 12/9/11 Interior Secretary Salazar expressed doubts of its validity.

(5) Pa. DEP, water quality monitoring results from November through December 2010: “all samples showed levels at or below the normal naturally occurring background levels of radioactivity”.

(6) John Hanger, head of Pa. DEP: “… the data shows no emission levels that would constitute a concern to the health of residents living near [natural gas] operations”.

 

FACT SHEET – WATER FOR NATURAL GAS DRILLING AND DEVELOPMENT

(PREPARED BY: Alpha Geoscience – 679 Plan Road, Clifton Park, NY 12065)
Ph: 515-348-6995
www.alphageoscience.com

Almost half of all water withdrawal in the US is used to generate thermoelectric power. Only 1% of water withdrawal in the US is used for “mining”, which includes oil and gas drilling. NY withdraws 10.3 billion gallons per day (gpd) for consumptive use (3.8 Trillion gal/yr.)

2.4 to 7.8 million gallons are used to hydro fracture one horizontal well. At the peak of drilling, hydro fracturing may use up to 9 billion gal/yr. Water withdrawal at the peak of drilling is projected to increase by only 0.24%

Water Treatment

A variety of proven, reliable methods are available and used to treat waste water from natural gas drilling and other industries, including:

Recycling/Reuse

  • Physical and Chemical Treatment
  • Membranes -Reverse Osmosis
  • Thermal Distillation -Crystallization
  • Ion Exchange
  • Electrodialysis
  • POTW’s (publically Owned Treatment Works)
  • Deep Well Injection

NYSDEC will require a comprehensive water plan before issuing a permit to drill a well.

Water Use and Regulation

Water withdrawal, transfer, discharge, and quality in NY is regulated by: Susquehanna River Basin Commission

  • Delaware River Basin Commission
  • NYSDEC Great Lakes Commission
  • USEPA
  • NYSDOH
  • NYCDEP There are multiple regulations that control and protect the water resources of NY.

Ground Water Protection

  • NY’s 1992 oil and gas regulations contain stringent casing and cementing requirements to protect ground water.
  • The 2011 SGEIS further enhances the casing and cementing requirements.
  • 482 oil and gas wells have been drilled through primary aquifers in NY without incident.
  • More than 2,400 oil and gas wells drilled through principal aquifers in NY without incident.
  • There are no documented cases of ground water contamination from hydraulic fracturing projects in NY. (SGEIS, 2011).
  • NYSDEC will prohibit surface drilling on primary and principal aquifers for at least 2 years.
  • Water wells near a new gas well must be tested before drilling, and 3 months, 6 months, and 1 yr. after hydraulic fracturing.

Prepared by:
679 Plank Road Ph: 518-348-6995 Clifton Park, NY 12065 Alpha Geoscience www.alphageoscience.com